Makara Sankranti or Maghi or just Sankranthi, IS a festival day within the Hindu calendar , dedicated to the deity Surya (sun). it's observed annually within the moon of Magha which corresponds with the month of January as per the Gregorian calendar and may be a day the people of India and Nepal celebrate their harvest.It marks the primary day of the sun's transit into Makara rashi (Capricorn), marking the top of the month with the solstice and therefore the start of longer days.
The festivities related to Makar Sankranti are known by various names, like Magha Sankranti in Nepal, Magh Bihu in Assam, Maghi (preceded by Lohri) in Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh, popular amongst both the Hindus and Sikhs, Sukarat in central India, Thai Pongal in Tamil Nadu , Ghughuti in Uttarakhand Makara Sankranti in Odisha, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Goa, West Bengal (also called Poush Sankranti) and Uttar Pradesh (also called Khichidi Sankranti) or as Sankranthi in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana
Makara Sankranti is observed with social festivities like colorful decorations, rural children going house to deal with , singing and posing for treats in some areas , melas (fairs), dances, kite flying, bonfires and feasts.The Magha Mela, consistent with Diana L. Eck (professor at Harvard University specializing in Indology), is mentioned within the Hindu epic Mahabharat.Many observers attend sacred rivers or lakes and bathe during a ceremony of because of the sun.Every twelve years(marking one complete revolution of Jupiter round the Sun) the Hindu's observe Makara Sankranti with one among the world's largest mass pilgrimages, with an estimated to 100 million people attending the event.At this event, then they assert a prayer to the sun and bathe at the Prayaga confluence of the River Ganga and River Yamuna at the Kumbha Mela, a practice attributed to Adi Shankaracharya
Significance of Makara Sankrant
Every year Makar Sankranti is widely known within the month of January to mark the solstice . it's also one among the largely celebrated Hindu festivals of India and Nepal which is widely known differently in various cultures but the common practice on the day of Makar Sankranti is flying colourful kites.This festival is devoted to the Hindu religious sun god Surya.This significance of Surya is traceable to the Vedic texts, particularly the Gayatri Mantra, a sacred hymn of Hinduism found in its scripture named the Rigveda.
Makara Sankranti is considered important for spiritual practices and accordingly, people take a holy dip in rivers, especially Ganga, Yamuna, Godavari, Krishna and Kaveri. the washing is believed to end in merit or absolution of past sins. They also pray to the sun and thank for his or her successes and prosperity.A shared cultural practices found amongst Hindus of Nepal and various parts of India is making sticky, bound sweets particularly from sesame (til) and a sugar base like jaggery (gud, gur, also Chaku in Nepali language). this sort of sweet may be a symbolism for being together in peace and joyfulness, despite the individuality and differences between individuals. for many parts of India, this era may be a a part of early stages of the Rabi crop and agricultural cycle, where crops are sown and therefore the diligence within the fields is usually over. The time thus signifies a period of socializing and families enjoying each other's company, taking care of the cattle, and celebrating around bonfires, in Maharashtra the festival is widely known by flying kites.
Makara Sankranti is a crucial pan-Indian solar festival, known by different names though observed on an equivalent date, sometimes for multiple dates round the Makar Sankranti. it's referred to as Pedda Panduga in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, Makara Sankranti in Karnataka and Maharashtra, Pongal in Tamil Nadu , Magh Bihu in Assam, Magha Mela in parts of central and north India, as Makar Sankranti within the west, Maghara Valaku in Kerala, and by other names. In some parts of India it's believed that a demon was killed therein day.