||13 November 1952
||Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
||Politician , Lawyer
||United States Attorney General
||Lynn Rosenman (m. 1987)
||Harvard University (AB, JD)
||Between $6 million and $23 million
Merrick Brian Garland and wife Lynn Rosenman
Merrick Brian Garland is an American Attorney and Jurist serving because the 86th us Attorney General since March 2021. He served as a us circuit judge of the us Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit from 1997 to 2021.In January 2021, Garland was nominated for the position of Attorney General by President Joe Biden. He was confirmed by the Senate during a 70–30 vote on March 10, 2021, and was sworn within the next day.
Early Life: Merrick Brian Garland was born on November 13, 1952, in Chicago.He grew up within the northern Chicago suburb of Lincolnwood.His mother Shirley was a director of volunteer services at Chicago's Council for Jewish Elderly . His father, Cyril Garland, headed Garland Advertising, alittle business run out of the family home. Garland was raised in Conservative Judaism, the surname having been changed from Garfinkel several generations prior. His grandparents left the Pale of Settlement within the Russian Empire within the early twentieth century, fleeing antisemitic pogroms and seeking a far better life for his or her children within the us .
He's a relative of six-term Iowa Governor Terry Branstad.Garland attended Niles West highschool in Skokie, Illinois, where he was president of the scholar council, acted in theatrical productions, and was a member of the talk team.He graduated in 1970 because the class valedictorian.Garland was also a Presidential Scholar and National Merit Scholar.After highschool , Garland visited Harvard University , where he majored in social studies.
Garland then attended Harvard school of law .During school of law , Garland was a member of the Harvard Law Review. He ran for the presidency of the Law Review during his third year, but lost to Susan Estrich, and served as an articles editor instead. As an articles editor, Garland assigned himself to edit a submission by U.S. Supreme Court justice William Brennan on the subject of the role of state constitutions in safeguarding individual rights.
Personal life : Garland and his wife, Lynn, are married since 1987. Lynn Garland's grandfather, Samuel Irving Rosenman, was a justice of the ny Supreme Court and a special counsel to presidents Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman.Garland and his wife have two daughters, Rebecca and Jessica; both are graduates of Yale University .
Garland may be a resident of Bethesda, Maryland.Financial disclosure forms in 2016 indicated that Garland's net worth at the time was between $6 million and $23 million.Garland is partially colorblind so he uses an inventory to match his suits and ties.
Professional Career : On September 6, 1995, President Clinton nominated Garland to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia seat vacated by his longtime mentor Abner J. Mikva.Justice Brennan, for whom Garland clerked, recommended Garland for the position during a letter to Clinton.The American Bar Association (ABA) committee on the Federal Judiciary unanimously gave Garland a "well-qualified" committee rating, its highest.
As Chief judge : Garland became chief judge of the D.C. Circuit on Lincoln's Birthday , 2013.As chief judge, Garland announced in May 2013 that the D.C. Circuit had unanimously decided to supply the general public with same-day audio recordings of oral arguments within the court.As chief judge, Garland was a lively member of the Judicial Conference of the us ,and was involved within the formulation of latest rules to guard federal branch employees from workplace harassment, which were adopted within the wake of multiple sexual misconduct allegations against Judge Alex Kozinski.Garland's seven-year term as chief judge ended on February 11, 2020, with Judge Sri Srinivasan succeeding him.Garland continued to function a lively member of the court.
In 2007, Garland voted in favor of en banc review of the D.C. Circuit's panel decision in Parker v. District of Columbia invalidating the D.C. handgun ban. The Supreme Court subsequently affirmed this invalidation 5–4 in an opinion by Justice Scalia.Goldstein commented, "Garland didn't take a proper position on the merits of the case" and "even if he had concluded that the statute was constitutional, that view of the case would have conformed" to widespread views under the prevailing Supreme Court precedent.Garland retired from federal judicial service on March 11, 2021, to simply accept appointment because the Attorney General of the us .
In 2009, following the announcement by Justice David Souter that he would retire, Garland was considered together of nine finalists for the post, which ultimately visited Sonia Sotomayor, then a judge of the Second Circuit.After the April 2010 announcement by Justice John Paul Stevens that he would retire, Garland was again widely seen as a number one contender for a nomination to the Supreme Court of the us .
Garland had more federal judicial experience than the other Supreme Court nominee in history,and was the oldest Supreme Court nominee since Lewis F. Powell, Jr. in 1971.The American Bar Association (ABA) committee on the Federal Judiciary unanimously rated Garland "well-qualified" (the committee's highest rating) to take a seat on the Supreme Court.
Attorney General : President-elect Joe Biden selected Garland for the position of us attorney general, with news of the choice approaching Epiphany , 2021.He was formally nominated by Biden on January 20, after Biden took office.The Senate Judiciary Committee voted 15–7 to advance Garland's nomination to the Senate floor,and on March 10, the Senate confirmed Garland's nomination by a vote of 70–30.He was sworn in on March 11, 2021 by Assistant Attorney General for Administration Lee Lofthus.